Background

SOCIAL AUDIT

Social Audit in Mgnrega

PD, DRDA Sundargarh having a meeting with the volunteers of Social Audit

Social Audit – MGNREGA at Jhurimal GP of Lephripara block.

Although, the MGNREGA clearly incorporated the provision of Social Audit, until 2009, the process was not carried out even once. At this time, the Block & the Panchayat Officials conducted a Muster Roll Watch in the presence of very little number of villagers. From April 2010, the Social Audit process began to be formally introduced in the context of NREGA works in Sundargarh district, by involving a local NGO at each block. But, as about three such Audits were being scheduled to be held on a single day, neither the JE, nor the EO was able to remain present in several meetings, as a result of which, the ‘Action Taken’ report could not be prepared properly. Several officers assigned as ‘Nodal Officer’ were found to be having basic knowledge on MGNREGA provisions including Social Audit. Besides, as very few number of awareness campaigns were held to draw the attention of the public, the participation at such camps were dismally low. The state of affair continued till April 2011.

October 2011 Social Audit

Social Audit at Barangakachhar GP
 

Collector cum District Magistrate,Sundargarh during the Social Audit

This Social Audit made Sundargarh a destination for the researchers. Even OMEGA recognized it as a model for the state of Odisha.

Process

With the instruction of the Collector Mrs. Roopa Roshan Sahu (IAS) and with the direction of the PD- DRDA Mr.Pradeep Kumar Naik (OAS) a team of 20 volunteers was drawn from SEWAK and other NGOs. Every day 20 GPs were covered. In this way all the 262 GPs were covered. From DRDA, the dates were published in local newspapers. As the volunteers were involved as third party and had done the work impartially a lot of issues came out.

Social Audit July 2012

This time the district administration and SEWAK tries to make the social audit more innovative.

Process

Instead of one day, this time it was for two days per GP.1st day there was field visit and second day there was public hearing in the GPs.

It was planned to cover 03 GPs per block every day. So for 17 blocks every day 51 GPs were covered per day.

For each GP 02 volunteers were engaged.So for 51 GP every day 102 volunteers/ facilitators were engaged.

For the field visit 04 Case records were identified on a random basis and they were physically verified in the presence of the GP, Block and Line department officials.

This report was presented in the second day public hearing.

The following are some major findings of these Social audits.

Major Findings // Needs Improvement

Major findings of the Social Audit Sept – Oct 2011 are as follows.

  • Poor involvement of NREGA workers due to low level of awareness and delay payment (even for 3 months).
  • Poor presence of Workers in the Social Audit Gram Sabhas.
  • No record of Job Demand and Job allocation in most of the GPs.
  • No photographs in Job Cards.
  • Poor women’s participation in different projects.
  • Absence of line department officials in Social Audit Gram Sabha.
  • No information of line department projects at GP level.
  • Records are not kept properly in most of the GPs.
  • Photographs of different project work are not available.
  • Completion reports of projects not available.
  • Vigilance committee not active. In some cases they don’t know that they are in the committee.
  • Material registers not available at the work site.
  • Project initiation meetings held for very few projects.
  • Name in muster role, but didn’t work.
  • Maximum nos. of Gram Sanyojakasare found absent in Social Audit Gram Sabhas.
  • In some Gram Panchayats Pass book of workers kept with Post Masters.
  • Job Card holders not coming with Job Cards to the Social Audit due to ignorance.
  • In some cases Gram Sanyojak putting signature of workers on Muster roll.
  • Previous Social Audit – Gram Sabha report not available in some GPs.
  • Delay payment for more than 3 months.
  • Workers of most of the projects not present in Social Audit Gram sabha.
  • Job Cards are not updated.
  • Work done by contractors // Fake entries in Muster roll.
This is a good initiative taken by the district administration in a campaignmode first time in the state. Even it is an exemplary one for the state andeven for the country.